Chloramfenicol Capsule IP 500 mg uses|Reclor 500|Paraxin Capsule

Today, we are going to discuss an anti-bacterial medicine, Chloramphenicol. It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that inhibits the growth of bacteria by stopping protein production. It is available in 250 mg capsules and 500 mg capsules.

1. Brand Names of Chloramphenicol Capsule

This medicine is readily available on the market by its generic name, Chloramphenicol. Some companies have given it's brand names, which is different according to the company. Branded medicine may be more costly than generic medicine, but the chemical composition is the same. The terms of some branded names of drugs are :
Paraxin Capsule
OPF Capsule 
Reclor Capsule 
Venez Capsule 
Vitchel Capsule
Besides these, you can get them with other names in the medical shop. I have already told you that Branded names differ according to area, state, and country.

2. Uses of Chloramphenicol capsule/Paraxin capsule

Now, we will discuss the uses of chloramphenicol capsules and the diseases for which this medicine is used. Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic medicine. So it is mainly used to treat Typhoid Fever, one type of fever that occurs due to contaminated water or food. The symptoms include mild or severe agitation, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, headache, stomach pin in the patient's face, and red patches or blisters on the chest, leg, and stomach. Typhoid long lasts for 3 to 30 days.
Chloramphenicol Capsule

Another disease is meningitis, in which swelling occurs in the spinal cord and brain. In which symptoms like headache, fever, and pain in the neck are seen. This medicine is also used to treat cholera. This is a disease related to the intestine. And symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting, and muscle cramps. Due to excessive diarrhea, dehydration occurs in the body due to electrolyte imbalance, so they feel weakness.
The doctor advised them to drink water while taking this medicine for cholera, and Oral Dehydration Salt was given to drink. Commonly, it is not used for fungal infection, but in severe cases, it is suggested. Fungal infection is another disease in which serious wounds appear. So, to treat it, Chloramphenicol is taken.
Bacterial infections, like bone, ear, and tooth infections, can be treated by this medicine. Plague is another disease which is caused by rats. Chloramphenicol was used before in that disease, but it is not taken now. 
Besides these, Doctors also suggest other disease 
Uses  in shorts
Typhoid Fever 
~Cholera disease 
~Fungal infection
~Bacterial infection

3. Side Effect of Chloramphenicol Capsule

What are the side effects of Chloramphenicol? The side effects of this medicine are hazardous. Some side effects are given below:
-Bone marrow suppression
-Nausea and Vomiting, Diarrhoea
-Bleeding-related disorder. increase in bleeding time
-Swelling on the face, lips, and tongue
-Blood disorders like leukemia, anemia
-In Children, a disease named Grey Baby Syndrome in which stomach size increases, diarrhea, loss of appetite, skin appears grey, heart-related problems, low blood pressure
Due to dangerous side effects, Chloramphenicol is prescribed for short-term duration. If you face other unusual side effects, then stop taking medicine and consult your doctor so that further treatment can be given

4. Chloramphenicol  Dose

Do not take this medicine without the advice of a doctor. Doses may vary according to age and weight. The standard amount is 250mg or 500mg twice or thrice daily. You can also take it 4 times according to the condition of the disease.
Patients can take it before or after meals. For adults, 50mg per kg for seven days, and for children, 12.5 mg or 25 mg per kg per day {300mg for 60kg]

5. Warning and Precaution 

-Mainly, it is not given in pregnancy. According to the condition, it can be given in last month
-Not for breastfeeding the mother
-If liver or kidney disease
-If bleeding-related disorder
6. Conclusion
Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that stops protein production and causes inhibition of the growth of bacteria. This medicine is available in 250 mg capsules and 500 mg capsules. It is used to treat Typhoid Fever, meningitis, Cholera disease, and fungal infection. The medicine is readily available in the market by its generic name, Chloramphenicol. The terms of some branded names of drugs are OpF Capsule, Reclor Capsule, and Venez Capsule. The side effect of Chloramphenicol is hazardous. The typical dose is 250mg or 500mg twice or thrice daily. You can also take it four times according to the condition of the disease. The most common side effects are Nausea and Vomiting.

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